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Category Archives: Windows

All about Windows

Fixing Windows 10 Anniversary update

Let’s get to the chase…after a painful update of my Windows 8.1 to Windows 10 Anniversary and facing issues with action center, edge, start button that is not working, I decided to clean install W10A instead. I know that plain W10A install works just fine because I have done it successful on a VM on my desktop. However, even with a clean install, I still had issues with IE11 crashing when launched; when trying to install ADK, the install crashed with faulting module nvumdshim.dll. This pointed to the NVDIA graphic card driver installed by Microsoft.

Sure enough, after I downloaded the latest drivers from NVDIA and installing it, everything was working well on my W10A desktop. Given this, I suspect a lot of the update problems with W10A is probably related to graphic drivers.  Another clue is that some users were able to get their action center, start menu, etc working after booting up in safe mode and then booting to normal Windows again. Windows uses a basic video driver in safe mode which could explain why it was working in safe mode, but I am not sure why it may work again after rebooting to normal mode, but I suspect that system will crash again in no time and it is not permanent fix.  Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on December 29, 2016 in Windows

 

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Windows Anniversary update broke my network and start menu

The case against Windows Anniversary update goes on (read the comments):

http://www.infoworld.com/article/3104389/microsoft-windows/the-case-against-windows-10-anniversary-update-grows.html

Two days ago, I was forced to receive the Windows Anniversary update like many other people. And like a lot of folks, I really need my computer at the point in time but the screen just asks me to wait as Windows is update… what can we do?

Fast forward, the update completed and machine reboot. Logged in to my machine and 3 major items did not work:

  • Start menu
    • There was no response when clicking on the Windows start button or the search button after the update. In other words, I have no view of my installed applications or access to launch any applications other than those already in the task bar. Of course, I could still run the applications directly via command prompt or the file explorer
  • Network
    • My network stopped working. When I looked into the network adapters, I could see my wireless and LAN adapter. I normally disable the wireless and use the LAN. However, I also had Hyper-V running and the virtualised adapters had disappeared. Those were the ones used for network connectivity.
    • I could not find the adapters in device manager and found that the update had removed Hyper-V without proper uninstallation obviously.
    • By removing Hyper-V, the virtualized adapters where also removed, leaving my physical adapters with no bindings to any protocols or services
    • By rechecking the protocols, e.g. IP4 and network services, network connectiviity came back.
  • Action center
    • When initially troubleshooting the network issue, I tried to turn on my wireless adapter to configure it for my network. Sadly, because the action center will not launch, I could not view the network available to connect my wireless adapter to. Of course, this can be done via command line, but what about the end-users?
    • I also cannot clear the notification icon on the tray as action center will not launch.

After readig a bit about all the problem, I decided to try creating a new profile to see if it will solve at least the start menu and action center issue. However, that did not work.

Luckily, Windows offered back out and recovery option which worked for me. So I managed to recovery my Windows and got back my previous version.

 

 
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Posted by on September 26, 2016 in General, Windows

 

Fixed: “The security database on the server does not have a computer account for this workstation trust relationship”

I have been playing with my own little AD domain sandbox in hyper-V and came across this error when trying to logon to a domain member server using an account with Domain Admin rights:

“The security database on the server does not have a computer account for this workstation trust relationship”

This is strange because my setup is not very complicated, just one forest DC, one domain DC and a member server. Of course, the first thing I tried is to reset the computer account and also to rejoin the server to the domain, which didn’t work Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on July 20, 2016 in Windows

 

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ESXi host performance issues and the importance of thermal paste

A totally interesting read on how the team in VMware resolved an issue with a non performing HP blade. The final take away from this is:

  • Thermal paste really can impact performance!
  • HP Active Health System logs should (but don’t) include when CPU’s clock down to prevent overheating.
  • CPU clock throttled error message don’t appear in ESXi logs.

http://www.vmspot.com/esxi-host-performance-issues-and-the-importance-of-thermal-paste/

 

 
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Posted by on July 1, 2016 in Operations, vmware, Windows

 

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Failover Cluster Node Cluster Startup Order in Windows Server 2012 R2

An excellent discussion about Windows cluster failover and startup scenario:

https://blogs.technet.microsoft.com/askcore/2016/01/21/failover-cluster-node-startup-order-in-windows-server-2012-r2/

 

 
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Posted by on February 5, 2016 in Windows

 

Ramdisk device creation failed error after changing memory size on VM

The other day I was performing a routine tasks. I increased the memory for one of my virtual vCenter machines, running Windows 20008R2, from 16 GB to 26 GB. After making that change, I boot up the machine and it immediately halted with the dreaded message

Ramdisk device creation failed due to insufficient memory

This is a really routine change and so it doesn’t makes any sense why the machine would act up? I checked on the internet for some solutions and nothing seemed to help. So I changed the size back to 16, rebooted and still the same error appear. When I went back to look at the memory settings again, I realized that during the initial change, the size had changed from GB to MB!

What a schoolboy mistake to make! But then again it is a reminder to us all that when something fails after you made a change, it is most likely that change that caused the problem you need to go back to basics and forget about your assumptions to get to the bottom of it.

 
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Posted by on October 19, 2015 in vmware, Windows

 

vCenter server SQL database custom DB schema and Windows authentication

What is the standard method of provisioning a new SQL database for your vCenter server? In most organisation, it would be something like this:

  • DBA will create a new SQL login account
  • DBA will create the blank database (with required configurations, of course) and grant db owner role to the account
  • You install vCenter and specify to use SQL login credentials

This is probably this simplest and quick way to setup the SQL database. Now what if, due to regulatory commitments and best practices, your DBA tells you that you had to use Windows authentication instead and NOT use the db owner roles?

Well, switching over to Windows authentication is straight forward enough, but how not to use the db owner role? Well, if you are installing a brand new vCenter, then the setup is quite straight forward. In the vCenter 5.5 installation guide, sections “Create a SQL Server Database and User for vCenter Server” (page 33) and “Use a Script to Create a Microsoft SQL Server Database Schema and Roles” (page 36) details how this can be done.

This will create a custom DB schema to grant permission to the vpxuser account. With the new custom DB schema, the vpxuser must be in VC_USER_ROLE for regular operations and VC_ADMIN_ROLE during installation and upgrades

Now if you have an existing vCenter 5.x server and need to migrate over to a custom DB schema, more work is required. The main details are described in VMware KB 1036331. There are no shortcuts, you do need to read through the steps and work out together with your DBA on how to get it migrated.

Note:

1. The KB contains two attached files, IMHO, DBO_VCDB_objects.zip if redundant since it already exists in Upgrade-Remove-DBO-Role.zip

2. After unzipping Upgrade-Remove-DBO-Role.zip, rename all the files by remove “Upgrade-Remove-DBO-Role” prefix. If you keep the file name as is, the script will fail.

3, For both VCenterUSER and VCUSER, you can only use a local SQL account, the script will fail if VCenterUSER is a domain account, i.e. domain\user syntax. If you are already using Windows authentication, you need to modify the script before use.

The steps can be summarized as follows (assuming that you are migrating to a custom DB schema AND from a local SQL account, since I already mentioned that you will probably fail if you use the attached script with Windows authenticated account, without modifying the script:

Phase 1 (Migrating to custom DB schema)

  1. Stop all vCenter server services
  2. Modify both the verify and upgrade scripts with correct values and send them to your DBA
  3. DBA will execute the verify scripts for any errors
  4. If there are no errors, DBA will execute the upgrade script
  5. Start vCenter server services and perform sanity checks on the vCenter, e.g.perform some vmotion

Phase 2 (Migrating to Windows authenication)

  1. Again, stop all vCenter server services
  2. Get DBA to run the SQL script below
  3. Get DBA to change all scheduled tasks from local use to the domain account
  4. In Windows, type “runas /user:<domain service account> cmd”, this will start an elevated cmd prompt
  5. Navigate to C:\Windows\System32 and run odbcad32.exe (Alternatively, you can look for the ODBC icon and runas a different user)
  6. Reconfigure ODBC for Windows authentication and test your ODBC connection
  7. Restart all vCenter servicer services
  8. Perform sanity check on vCenter, e.g. run some vmotion.
USE [master]
CREATE LOGIN [domain\vpxuser] FROM WINDOWS
WITH DEFAULT_DATABASE=[VPX DB]
USE [VPX DB]
CREATE USER [domain\vpxuser] FOR LOGIN [domain\vpxuser] WITH DEFAULT_SCHEMA=[VMW]

Note: If you are also migrating the VUM service account to Windows authentication, you need to launch (runas) the 32-bit ODBC in C:\Windows\SysWOW64 instead.

 
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Posted by on April 10, 2015 in vmware, Windows

 

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