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How to run SMB for file sharing on hardened Windows Server in DMZ

11 Feb

Recently, we had a case in which a set of SAP portal that are external facing, hence placed in DMZ, required to have one of the server, SAP2, to access a shared folder on another server, SAP1.

We had trashed it out with the SAP documentation and the implementation team, but it seems like SAP only have documents pertaining to campus usage. There are no documentation describing how you can secure SAP within a DMZ and it insists that SAP only works if you have file sharing enabled. There are no other more secure mechanism as a alternative to SMB. This is just plain lazy design, if you ask me.

So I had to go away to find out how I could get SMB runnig in those 2 boxes in DMZ.  No surprisingly, I found nothing on the web or Microsoft that could help me with it. There are references and articles on how SMB works, but none explicitly explains how to configure your server  to allow SMB that will owrk in DMZ. After some trial and error, I finally got it working and here it is.

Requirements:
– SAP1 server will host \\sap1\sapmnt and it needs to be accessed by SAP2 server. Both servers are in DMZ

Network requirements:
– network firewall rules must allow TCP traffic from SAP2 on any port above 1024 to TCP port 445 on SAP1

Services running on Windows:
On SAP1 – ensure “Server” service is running
On SAP2 – ensure “Workstation” and “TCP/IP NetBIOS Helper” service is running

note: you only need the “TCP/IP NetBIOS Helper” server if you intend to access the share via its name \\Sap1\sapmnt, if you are access it via IP address, then this service can be disabled. (of course, the host name must be in the hosts file)

IP Sec rules:

On SAP1: Allow source, SAP2, on any TCP port to destination, me, on TCP 445

On SAP2: Allow source, me, on any TCP port to destination, SAP1, on TCP 445

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2 Comments

Posted by on February 11, 2011 in Windows

 

Tags: ,

2 responses to “How to run SMB for file sharing on hardened Windows Server in DMZ

  1. Funbags

    October 11, 2011 at 4:16 pm

    I was wondering if you had any ideas. I’m looking to have SMB Server running in a VM box running Windows 2008 R2 Ent. I’m running a Barracuda Spam filter that i want to setup automatic backups of the config of that device. The barracuda requires that I have SMB Server running on the host server I’m looking to send the auto config files to through a share. Like you I can’t find any directions to setup SMB Server?

    Thanks for any help you can give

     
  2. Kelvin Wong

    October 14, 2011 at 3:38 pm

    SMB is the default protocol to access network on a Windows server. If you type \\server\c$ remote to this server, you are already using SMB to access the server. I suspect what the spam filter appliance is asking for is just a share on your server to send the backup files to.

     

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